The Effect of Reminiscence Therapy on Diabetes Mellitus Patients with depression at The Persadia Clinic Dustira Hospital Cimahi
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is increasing annually. Without proper treatment and control, the disease will lower the quality of life of the patient and is certain to cause complications. Treatments for diabetes mellitus are lengthy and they require discipline that will sometimes change the patient’s life pattern. As a result, it may bring adverse psychological effects on the patient, such as depression. In turn, depression can affect the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Reminiscence therapy is one of the psychotherapy treatments proven to be effective in reducing depression by focusing on the positive aspects of the patient. The purpose of this research was to know the effect of reminiscence therapy for depression among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at Persadia clinic in Dustira Hospital Cimahi. This research employed the pre-experimental method with a group of 32 respondents at pretest and posttest stages, with a non-random, purposive sampling method. The data collection was obtained by questionnaires following the PHQ-9 format and analyzed statistically using a dependent t-test. The results showed an average score of depression before therapy at 15.22 (mild-moderate depression) and after therapy at 10.28 (mild depression). Thus, it was concluded the reminiscence therapy for depression among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at Persadia clinic in Bandung with a P value (0.000) < α (0.05) has an effect to some degree. From the study, it is suggested Persadia clinic continuethe this therapy to help improve diabetes mellitus patient’s quality of life and treatment compliance .