THE EFFECTS OF BREASTFEEDING COUNSELING TO CULTURAL VIEW AND BELIEF OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING IN PERINATOLOGY ROOM RSUD CIBABAT CIMAHI
Cultural view and belief of maternal breastfeeding affect to exclusive breastfeeding program. It may discourage breastfeeding activities and provides the negative sense among breastfeeding mother. Breastfeeding counselling by nurses is an appropriate intervention to change these cultural and belief barriers since it provides the accurate information of exclusive breastfeeding benefits instead of the negative impact for breastfeeding mothers. This study aims to identify the effects of breastfeeding counselling to cultural view and belief of exclusive breastfeeding program in perinatology room at RSUD Cibabat Cimahi. This study employs quasi experimental method using one group pretest-posttest design. Whereas, 17 of breastfeeding mothers in perinatology room are participated. This study investigates further about the cultural view and belief of exclusive breastfeeding program before and after counseling (in 5 meeting). The questionnaires with 15 questions are used as research instruments and the collected data are analyzed by mean for univariate analysis and statistical t-test for bivariate analysis. The finding shows that the average of breastfeeding cultural view and belief before counseling is 6,53 and it changes into 12,88 after counseling. It means breastfeeding counseling significantly changes the negative cultural view and belief of breastfeeding mother toward exclusive breastfeeding program in Perinatology room RSUD Cibabat Cimahi. The result obtained P Value (0,000) < α (0,05). Therefore, breastfeeding counseling by nurses in perinatology room can be recommended as the crucial intervention for breastfeeding mother due to reach the successful exclusive breastfeeding program.