Analysis of Risk Factors Related to the Occurrence of Pulmonary TB in Children

  • Stikes Jenderal A. Yani Cimahi
  • Stikes Jenderal A. Yani Cimahi
Keywords: Children; Pulmonary TB; Risk factors


The proportion of pulmonary TB among all cases, children treated in Indonesia from 2007 to 2014 is ranges from 7,9% to 12%. The pulmonary TB in children is potential to cause a disability even death. This study aims to determine the relationship between sex, history of contact, socioeconomic, and nutritional status with the occurrence of pulmonary TB in children. Research design using case control. Samples were 140 children who had been treated at clinic in Palabuhanratu hospital, consisted of 70 children with pulmonary TB as cases and 70 children with not TB as a control. Data were analyzed by Chi Square test and risk factor was calculated by odds ratio. The result showed a risk factor for pulmonary TB is contact history (p= 0,000, OR= 6,769, 95%CI: 3,165-14,479), socioeconomic (p=0,002, OR=3,375, 95%CI: 1,629-6,993), immunization (p=0,050, OR=2,683, 95%CI: 1079-6,670) and the nutritional status (p=0,000, OR=4,000, 95%CI: 1,889-8,468). Promotive and preventive efforts through health education, nutrition monitoring, BCG and complete treatment of adults with active TB can avoid instances of Children Pulmonary TB.