Global Health Issues from Nursing Perspectives
The current health problems, issues and concerns that transcends national boundaries which may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries, and which are best addressed by cooperative actions and solution defined Global health according to Institute of Medicine 1997. Changes in Global context includes changes in the burden of diseases with more long term conditions and non-communicable diseases. The demand for healthcare from aging populations, migration of people, climate and environmental changes to mention a few, are varied. There are ten (10) factors that affects global health includes ischemic heart disease and stroke which are also considered the top ten (10) causes of mortality. In the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) major targets, specifically SDG 3, reduced by 1/3 pre-mature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well being address the issues on Cardio-vascular diseases. The Philippine initiative‘s goals to attain health related SDG targets identified three (3) guarantees: First, protect from triple burden of disease, secondly, access to functional service delivery networks, lastly, attain and sustain Universal Health Insurance. Nurses plays a vital role in combating the increasing burden of Cardio-Vascular diseases (CVD). They have the competencies identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) to address the 21st century healthcare workers. Being a patient-centered focus to the global health team is the unique contribution of nurses. The Philippine Heart Center, being the center for excellence in cardio-vascular care is sincere to its Vision Mission and Goals (VMO). We have also included in the discussion some of the initiatives and best practices to Promote, Prevent, Care and Rehabilitate patients especially CVD.